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Field characters

Pileus: usually brownish in color, glabrous, hygrophanous and translucent-striate at the margins, convex, conic or campanulate
Annulus: present or absent, often with a zone of fibrils
Stature: Mycenoid, Collybioid, Anellarioid
Ecology: on ground, often in moss beds

Micro characters

Basidiospores: pseudo- or inamyloid, rarely smooth, no germ pore, with a plage
Cystidia: pleurocystidia usually present, cheilocystidia always present
Spore Print: rusty to cinnamon brown
Lamellae: adnate, adnexed to decurrent, usually colored - often with a white fringe (Largent and Baroni, 1988)
Lamellar Trama: regular or subregular
Pileipellis: filamentous cutis


Galerina is almost always an LBM (little brown mushroom). The pileus is rarely more than a couple of inches in diameter. If you find an LBM in a moss bed start with Galerina.
Galerina is especially common during dry spells when other mushrooms are scarce (Arora, 1986).
G. autumnalis is quite common in the fall in the Berkshires, and it is deadly poisonous.

The Friesian genus was originally Galera, but had to be abandoned because that name was used for an orchid in 1825.

There are over 200 species in North America.